Categories
water

All about drinking water

Drinking water is an essential element for life, the human being needs the consumption of clean water to stay healthy. This vital liquid is an essential element for living beings. Drinking water is used in many daily activities, such as preparing food, cooking, planting or doing personal hygiene tasks. Now you will know much more about drinking water.

What is drinking water?

The planet’s water reserves are found on the surface in the forms of ice sheets, wetlands, lagoons, rivers, groundwater streams, and man-made drinking water sources to make vital liquid available.

Drinking water is that which, due to its characteristics and composition, can be consumed by human beings without the risk of contracting diseases that can significantly deteriorate their health.

Fresh water has characteristics of a low concentration of dissolved salts and an absence of solid materials. This is the one that must undergo the purification processes so that it is fully suitable for consumption by people.

Characteristics of drinking water

Drinking water is that which can be consumed and used without restrictions, the values ​​of which are in the pre-established control range for its components, such as ions and some minerals corresponding to chlorides, nitrates, ammonium, magnesium and phosphate, among others.

Regarding the PH of the water, it must be in a range between 6.5 and 9.5 so that it is suitable for human consumption. Drinking water must be free of bacteria and other pathogens, such as viruses and particulate matter.

Why is the water polluted?

Water is a universal solvent and sometimes because of the high level of existing pollution, it can contain elements and substances dissolved in it, which are toxic to the health of living beings.

Some of these pollutants cannot be detected with the naked eye, while others drastically modify their composition, affecting their taste, smell and appearance.

Pollutants from industrial activity, such as oil spills, industrial waste spillways and contamination by physical waste from communities, convert drinking water from reservoirs into contaminated water and not recommended for human consumption.

How do you get drinking water?

Sometimes water sources must be subjected to a purification process, to ensure that they do not contain particles that represent a risk to living beings.

These processes are usually varied and range from the simplest, such as the use of chlorine to eliminate pathogens, to complicated processes that involve rigorous procedures. Only to remove impurities from the waters that come from natural springs, reservoirs or underground reserves.

In low-income areas, rainwater is used, which must receive a filtering treatment so that it can be drinkable and pass quality controls. Another method is to boil the water, in order to avoid residues of bacterial contamination, although it is not an effective technique to eliminate the presence of toxic agents.

Importance of drinking water

Drinking water is a limited natural resource. Due to increasing pollution and the high costs of treatments to make the water drinkable, there are sources of the vital liquid that cannot be recovered.

Consuming untreated water increases the incidence of diarrheal diseases. It also causes epidemics, which affect the poorest populations, where the most disadvantaged are usually children. These people, in the absence of adequate treatment, can become fatally ill after drinking water that is not suitable for human consumption.

To the extent that concrete actions are carried out to avoid water contamination and the conscious use of it, we can continue to enjoy the vital liquid, with drinkable characteristics that do not represent a threat to health.

For all this and more, let’s take care of water, it is a vitally important resource for our existence and life on the planet.

Categories
tips

How to make water drinkable at home?

There are methods and techniques to make water drinkable, which allows us to eliminate the microorganisms that may be present in this vital liquid that we use daily for cleaning and consumption. This option is useful if the water for ordinary use presents a risk of containing elements that are toxic or harmful to the body. Here’s how to make water drinkable at home.

Water purification methods

Water can be a culture medium for germs, viruses or bacteria that cause diseases when contaminated, in addition to which it can have among its components elements that turn out to be completely harmful to the human body.

Making water drinkable makes it possible to eliminate all these sources of infection, destroying the pathogens that produce them, in order to prevent the spread of diseases.

Boil Water

Water that is not entirely drinkable can be boiled, until the temperature reaches the boiling point, that is, 100 degrees centigrade. At this temperature, boil for about 5 minutes.

It is important to bear in mind that in addition to making the water drinkable, you must also ensure that the utensils are free of polluting elements, as well as the containers that are used to store the water. Everything must be sanitized, even the hands.

Chemical disinfection

Chemical disinfection frequently performed with iodine and chlorine is usually very effective against viruses, bacteria and most microorganisms, which cause serious gastrointestinal diseases. Despite being similar substances, these elements have notable differences such as:

Iodine is easier to handle, its protective effect against protozoa in all its forms is very effective. Sometimes people prefer chlorine to iodine because of its higher price.

Disinfection can be done with iodine tablets, tincture, or povidone iodine. Each of these methods has different usage characteristics. In this case, the manufacturer’s instructions must be followed to the letter.

Chlorine, for its part, is highly efficient against bacteria, but not so efficient against viruses. It is a watermaker to a lesser degree, especially in the event that the water is cloudy, so it is advisable to filter it previously using a cloth or gauze and then proceed to add the chlorine.

This water purifying element can be found as sodium hypochlorite, in whose packaging you must specify that it is a substance that can be used to adapt the water that is going to be consumed. In addition to 5% sodium hypochlorite, sodium dichloroisocyanurate tablets are also used.

Use of filters

The water can be made drinkable using filters, for this, the material used must be of optimum quality. When it comes to a ceramic-type material, its pores are coated with silver, which prevents the growth of bacteria.

Diseases and contamination

If it is a large community where water needs to be made drinkable, such as a refugee camp or a poor area, the process should be centralized in a water treatment plant that has the special equipment to deal with these types of emergencies.

If the water is very cloudy, it must be transferred to an open tank to be filtered and then to a closed tank to add chlorine.

When it comes to areas that are too rural or difficult to access, the best option is a plan to carry out water treatment, which is implemented in each home, for which the distribution of water filters, tablets and envelopes with substances is carried out. disinfectants.

It is vitally important that communities have clean water, using purification if the water must be treated. This will give positive results by reducing by a significant percentage the appearance of viral or gastrointestinal diseases, which are a consequence of the consumption of water that is not drinkable or suitable to be ingested.

Categories
rights

What are Human Rights?

Human Rights recognize and protect the dignity of all people without distinction, with the aim of achieving peace, solidarity, justice and equality among all. In this article you will see what the Human Rights that we have as individuals consist of.

What are Human Rights?

Human Rights represent inalienable guarantees for each person, so that each individual must be treated with respect, without discrimination based on race or sex, because of their nationality, the language they speak, their professed religion or any other condition. Absolutely all people have the right to live in freedom and in adequate conditions that ensure a full life.

International Human Rights Law

This Right indicates that international governments are obliged to take actions that focus on the promotion and protection of human rights and guarantee the fundamental freedoms of all individuals. They must also prevent groups or institutions from acting inappropriately and committing inappropriate actions that affect people’s integrity.

The United Nations Organization has created and successfully implemented the legal regulations governing Human Rights. It consists of a protected and universal code, to which all nations around the world join and basically describes the treatment that every person deserves to receive.

Among the Human Rights defined by the United Nations, there are those of a civil, as well as cultural and social nature, but there are also those in economic and political matters. This regulation is based on the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which promulgate and protect the rights of all individuals.

As a result, many social groups now have the support of the international body that protects and defends their rights, as well as avoids discriminatory situations.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a document drawn up by various representatives from multiple cultures and traditions. It was proclaimed in 1948 by the General Assembly of the United Nations and there the fundamental Human Rights that must be fulfilled were established.

The International Bill of Human Rights is made up of the following elements:

• The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its two Optional Protocols (one on denunciation and the other on the death penalty)
• The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
• The Optional Protocol.

Economic, social and cultural rights

The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights has been in force since 1976 and promotes:

• Right to work in fair conditions.
• Right to Social Protection and decent living conditions, with benefits for physical and mental health.
• Right to Education, to enjoy the benefits generated by cultural freedom and scientific progress.

Civil and Political Rights

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights came into force in 1976. It stipulates basic rights such as freedom of movement, equality before the law, freedom of thought, religion and expression.

It also criminalizes torture, cruel and degrading treatment, arbitrary imprisonment and slavery, in addition to condemning racial hatred and discrimination.

Human Rights Conventions

They are a series of international treaties that have been applied since 1945. Among them are the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948), the International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination (1965) and Towards the Woman (1979), as well as the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Human Rights Council

It is a body created in 2006 by the General Assembly. It is made up of 47 international representatives and is the body in charge of the worldwide promotion and protection of Human Rights. A relevant aspect of this body is that it implemented the Universal Periodic Review that the members of the United Nations perform every 4 years.

The office of the United Nations High Commissioner supervises the entities that work to ensure that Human Rights are guaranteed. Most of the treaties are dependent on a body responsible for compliance with the corresponding regulations, before which complaints about human rights violations at the international level can be made.

Categories
health

Benefits of water for health

Water provides the body with important health benefits. A hydrated body is essential for internal processes to take place, eliminates toxins and contributes directly to the individual’s state of health, as it enhances the immune system and helps the body to face pathologies. The health benefits of water are enormous, here are some of them.

Benefits of drinking water for the body?

The health of the human being depends on an adequate diet, on the exercise and lifestyle that one takes and the amount of water that is consumed. In fact, water is the main component of the human body, which has a high percentage of the vital liquid.

Water is a medium that allows the internal organs to carry out their vital functions and the blood supply to take place properly. The absorption of nutrients that are essential for health is done only if the body has enough water.

These are some of the main health benefits of drinking water:

Helps the kidneys function

The kidneys cleanse most of the toxins that the body has. The urea nitrogen present in the components of the blood is a waste that dissolves in the water and is eliminated through the urine.

When the body is hydrated, the urine is clear and odor free. In the opposite case, the urine will have a high concentration of toxins because the kidneys require extra fluid to perform their function.

Maintains body temperature

Good hydration helps to restore the ideal body temperature, regardless of the inclement heat or intense physical activity that is being done. Through water, the body recovers electrolytes that are lost through sweat.

Maintains healthy skin

Dehydration causes the skin to become dry, dull, dull, and wrinkled. Drinking water gives the body the possibility to sweat and open the pores to eliminate impurities.

Protects the spinal cord and other tissues

Water keeps the spinal cord in optimal condition, so that it can carry out its task of communicating stimuli from the central nervous system to other body tissues and structures.

Maintains hydration

One of the benefits of water is that it prevents the mucous membranes from drying out, such as the eyes, mouth and nose, among others.

Keeps the joints lubricated

Joints are delicate structures that join the bones of the body and allow movement. Drinking water helps lubricate the area and cushion the friction that causes wear and tear.

Used to control weight

Although it does not have an effect on weight loss, drinking a lot of water leaves out the possibility of ingesting sugary drinks that increase the level of calories that enter the body.

Prevents constipation

Drinking water contributes to the flow of stool through the digestive tract by dissolving waste particles and causing them to circulate easily through the colon.

Helps with oxygenation of cells

Another of the main benefits of water is that it facilitates blood flow, improving circulation and contributing to cell reproduction and oxygenation.

Normalizes blood pressure

Adequate water consumption can prevent heart abnormalities and also helps regulate blood pressure.

Protects the organs

In a hydrated body, organs such as the liver, kidneys, digestive and immune systems benefit and function properly, effortlessly, reducing the risk of disease or deterioration.

Increase your physical performance

Drinking water keeps the mind alert and the body in good health, restores the nutrients that have been lost to improve physical conditions, helping the body to revitalize cells.

Helps improve health

Drinking water helps fight against viral pictures and other ailments such as kidney stones and liver problems.

For all these reasons, you should always try to ingest at least two liters of water daily, so that you can see yourself benefited in all the ways described above.